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Restore

Privileges of MySQL backup user for mysqldump

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Some MySQL customers do not want to use the root user for mysqldump backups. For this user you have to grant the following minimal MySQL privileges:

mysqldump --single-transaction (InnoDB)

CREATE USER 'backup'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'secret';
GRANT SELECT, SHOW VIEW, RELOAD, REPLICATION CLIENT, EVENT, TRIGGER ON *.* TO 'backup'@'localhost';

mysqldump --lock-all-tables (MyISAM)

GRANT LOCK TABLES ON *.* TO 'backup'@'localhost';

If we missed a privilege please let us know.

MySQL Restore and Recovery methods

Backup is for sissies! Let's have a look what we can do when we are not a sissy...

First of all: Your life is much easier when you have a proper backup process implemented and verified the restore procedure of your MySQL database.

But what if you have no backup in place and did a DROP TABLE. What shall we do?

We assume our data we just dropped are located on the following device:

Undefined

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Can you trust your MySQL backup?

Today a customer with corrupted data files showed up. When we enquired a bit more he told us that he had a broken I/O controller. This is one of the worst things which can happen to you!

The reason is the following: When a I/O controller starts to die it often does not happen immediately. The controller dies slowly producing more and more corrupt data. When you just write data without checking or reading them it can take days or even weeks until you discover the problem.

MySQL Cluster restore

Recently the question came up if it is faster to restore a MySQL cluster when all nodes are up or only ONE node from each node group during restore.

The answer from our gurus was: All nodes up during restore! I wanted to find out why. So I set up the following cluster and started to measure:

MySQL Cluster set up

Cluster set-up

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