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Resize XFS file system for MySQL

Shinguz - Sat, 2012-11-17 14:30

Important: Before you start any operation mentioned below do a proper file system backup of your XFS file system you want to resize. If MySQL is running on this mount point do this with a stopped mysqld. Alternatively you can also use mysqldump to do the MySQL backup but test the restore time before continuing to not experience ugly surprises...

All these operations have to be performed as the root user. First we want to see what mount points are available:

shell> df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda1 485M 77M 383M 17% / /dev/sdb1 496M 314M 157M 67% /var/lib/mysql

Our MySQL data are located on /dev/sdb1.

After the file system backup unmount /dev/sdb1 and resize the disk, partition or volume (works for VMware, NetApp filer and similar equipment, for LVM use lvextend):

shell> tar cvf /backup/mysql.tar /var/lib/mysql shell> umount /var/lib/mysql shell> fdisk /dev/sdb

Change the units in fdisk to have a better overview over your begin and end of your partition:

fdisk> u Changing display/entry units to sectors fdisk> p Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes 139 heads, 8 sectors/track, 1885 cylinders, total 2097152 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0xea17dfd0 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdb1 8 1047503 523748 83 Linux fdisk> d Selected partition 1 fdisk> n Command action e extended p primary partition (1-4) fdisk> p Partition number (1-4): fdisk> 1 First sector (8-2097151, default 8): Using default value 8 Last sector, +sectors or +size{K,M,G} (8-2097151, default 2097151): Using default value 2097151 fdisk> w shell> fdisk /dev/sdb fdisk> p Disk /dev/sdb: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes 139 heads, 8 sectors/track, 1885 cylinders, total 2097152 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0xea17dfd0 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdb1 8 2097151 1048572 83 Linux

Now the partition has the new size. The next step is to resize the XFS file system. Install the XFS tools if they are not already there:

apt-get install xfsprogs yum install xfsprogs

And then extend the XFS file system on-line and mount it again:

shell> xfs_growfs /var/lib/mysql shell> df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda1 485M 77M 383M 17% / /dev/sdb1 992M 314M 627M 34% /var/lib/mysql

MySQL tmpdir on RAM-disk

Shinguz - Thu, 2012-11-15 19:15
Taxonomy upgrade extras: temporarymemory tablemyisam

MySQL temporary tables are created either in memory (as MEMORY tables) or on disk (as MyISAM tables). How many tables went to disk and how many tables went to memory you can find with:

mysql> SHOW GLOBAL STATUS LIKE 'Created_tmp%tables'; +-------------------------+----------+ | Variable_name | Value | +-------------------------+----------+ | Created_tmp_disk_tables | 49094 | | Created_tmp_tables | 37842181 | +-------------------------+----------+

Tables created in memory are typically faster than tables created on disk. Thus we want as many as possible tables to be created in memory.

To achieve this we can configure the variables accordingly:

mysql> SHOW GLOBAL VARIABLES LIKE '%table_size'; +---------------------+----------+ | Variable_name | Value | +---------------------+----------+ | max_heap_table_size | 25165824 | | tmp_table_size | 25165824 | +---------------------+----------+

All result sets which are smaller than these values can be handled as MEMORY tables. All result sets bigger than these values are handled as MyISAM tables an go to disk.

But there is still an other reason for tables going to disk: MEMORY tables cannot handle TEXT or BLOB attributes as it often occurs in CMS like Typo3. In these cases MySQL has to do directly MyISAM tables on disk and they are counted as Created_tmp_disk_tables.

If these temporary disk tables are causing serious I/O performance problems one could consider to use a RAM-disk instead of normal physical disks instead.

On Linux we have 2 possibilities to create a RAM-disk: ramfs and tmpfs [ 1 ].

We recommend to use tmpfs.

A RAM-disk can be created as follows:

shell> mkdir -p /mnt/ramdisk shell> chown mysql:mysql /mnt/ramdisk shell> mount -t tmpfs -o size=512M tmpfs /mnt/ramdisk

To make this persistent we have to add it to the fstab:

# # /etc/fstab # tmpfs /mnt/ramdisk tmpfs rw,mode=1777,size=512M 0 0

MySQL still writes to the default location which is found as follows:

mysql> SHOW GLOBAL VARIABLES LIKE 'tmpdir'; +---------------+-------+ | Variable_name | Value | +---------------+-------+ | tmpdir | /tmp | +---------------+-------+

To changes this value you have to configure your my.cnf accordingly and restart the database...

Galera Cluster Nagios Plugin

Shinguz - Fri, 2012-09-14 10:49
Taxonomy upgrade extras: monitoringgaleraplugincluster

Based on customer feedback we have decided to add a plugin Galera Cluster for MySQL to our MySQL Nagios/Icinga Plugins.

The module checks, if the node is in status Primary and if the expected amount of Galera Cluster nodes is available. If not, a warning or an alarm is returned.

The script is written in Perl and is Nagios Plugin API v3.0 compatible.

You can download it from our download page.

If you have suggestions for improvements, please contact us. Bugs can be reported at our bugs database.

The following modules are contained in the package:

  • check_db_mysql.pl
  • check_errorlog_mysql.pl
  • check_galera_nodes.pl
  • check_repl_mysql_cnt_slave_hosts.pl
  • check_repl_mysql_hearbeat.pl
  • check_repl_mysql_io_thread.pl
  • check_repl_mysql_read_exec_pos.pl
  • check_repl_mysql_readonly.pl
  • check_repl_mysql_seconds_behind_master.pl
  • check_repl_mysql_sql_thread.pl
  • perf_mysql.pl

Galera Cluster discussions at FrOSCon 2012

Shinguz - Mon, 2012-08-27 17:18
Taxonomy upgrade extras: galeraclusterMySQL Clusterchannelfail-overreplication

During and after Henriks great talk about Galera Cluster at the FrOSCon 2012 in St. Augustin we found 2 important things related to Galera Cluster for MySQL:

  • The InnoDB double write buffer (innodb_doublewrite) should not be disabled anymore for Galera when using v2.0 and higher!!! The reason for this is: When MySQL crashes InnoDB pages might get corrupted during the crash. They would be fixed by the blocks from the double write buffer during auto-recovery. But if the double write buffer is disabled they are not available. With Galera v1.x that was not a problem because after a crash a SST would have happened and the corrupted InnoDB block are corrected. But now with IST in Galera v2.0 MySQL will start without noticing the corruption (as usual) and only an IST is performed. This leads to a running MySQL database with possibly corrupted InnoDB blocks. And this might cause you later troubles for example if this node is used as a donor. Then the corrupted page is inherited to other nodes (using rsync or Xtrabackup?). And in some bad cased then the whole Cluster could crash at once when hitting the corrupted page. Thanks to Monty W. for bringing this up!
    Recommendation is: Do NOT disable InnoDB double write buffer (innodb_doublewrite) with Galera Cluster >= v2.0 if your care about your data!
  • The second discussion was about the event sequence in the binary-log (for those who where present: the A-B vs B-A discussion). Codership confirmed that the binary-log sequence on 2 different Galera nodes of the same Galera Cluster should be the same (everything else is considered to be a bug). As a result this leads to 2 different consequences:
    a) The binary-log of node B can be used for a PiTR of node A in case we need it. Finding the right position is a bit tricky and it needs some manual work on this (finding XID with binlog-pos of node B, then finding binlog-pos of node A with XID). But Codership told me they are planning a tool for automatizing this.
    b) The binary-log of node B can be used for a Channel fail-over in case we have 2 different Galera Clusters in 2 different data centers connect to each other through MySQL asynchronous replication... For more on this topic see also MySQL Cluster and channel failover...

Deadlocks, indexing and Primary Key's

Shinguz - Thu, 2012-08-16 10:51
Taxonomy upgrade extras: indexprimary keyinnodbtuningperformanceOptimizer

Recently a customer has shown up with some deadlocks occurring frequently. They were of the following type (I have shortened the output a bit):

*** (1) TRANSACTION: TRANSACTION 22723019234, fetching rows mysql tables in use 1, locked 1 LOCK WAIT 7 lock struct(s), heap size 1216, 14 row lock(s) update location set expires='2012-08-10 04:50:29' where username='12345678901' AND contact='sip:12345678901@192.168.0.191:5060' AND callid='945a20d4-8945dcb5-15511d3e@192.168.0.191' *** (1) WAITING FOR THIS LOCK TO BE GRANTED: RECORD LOCKS space id 0 page no 2203904 n bits 136 index `GEN_CLUST_INDEX` of table `location` trx id 22723019234 lock_mode X locks rec but not gap waiting *** (2) TRANSACTION: TRANSACTION 22723019222, fetching rows, thread declared inside InnoDB 225 mysql tables in use 1, locked 1 192 lock struct(s), heap size 30704, 9483 row lock(s) delete from location where expires<'2012-08-10 04:49:30' AND expires!='1969-12-31 19:00:00' *** (2) HOLDS THE LOCK(S): RECORD LOCKS space id 0 page no 2203904 n bits 136 index `GEN_CLUST_INDEX` of table `location` trx id 22723019222 lock_mode X *** (2) WAITING FOR THIS LOCK TO BE GRANTED: RECORD LOCKS space id 0 page no 2203951 n bits 136 index `GEN_CLUST_INDEX` of table `location` trx id 22723019222 lock_mode X waiting *** WE ROLL BACK TRANSACTION (1)

They want us to have this fixed. And they did not like the answer that the application has to cope with deadlocks [ 1 ].

But one thing looks suspicious here: The GEN_CLUSTER_INDEX! This basically means there was NO explicit Primary Key on the InnoDB table and InnoDB was creating its own internal Primary Key.

After some discussion we started to examine the whole situation. For this we transformed the UPDATE and the DELETE statement into SELECT's:

UPDATE EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM location WHERE username='12345678901' AND contact='sip:12345678901@192.168.0.191:5060' AND callid='945a20d4-8945dcb5-15511d3e@192.168.0.191' ; +----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+----------+---------+-------+------+------------------------------------+ | id | select_type | table | type | possible_keys | key | key_len | ref | rows | Extra | +----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+----------+---------+-------+------+------------------------------------+ | 1 | SIMPLE | location | ref | username | username | 66 | const | 9 | Using index condition; Using where | +----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+----------+---------+-------+------+------------------------------------+

The first strange thing is, that the MySQL optimizer expects 9 rows (on a long key of 66 bytes) which theoretically should be a Primary Key access! This sound non optimal. And as shorter and faster transactions are as less probable are deadlocks.

So we tried to look at the transaction with SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS: START TRANSACTION; SELECT * FROM location WHERE username='12345678901' AND contact='sip:12345678901@192.168.0.191:5060' AND callid='945a20d4-8945dcb5-15511d3e@192.168.0.191' FOR UPDATE ; ---TRANSACTION 14033 4 lock struct(s), heap size 1248, 11 row lock(s) MySQL thread id 5, OS thread handle 0x7f3647b9e700, query id 526 localhost root cleaning up

We can see that the same query uses 4 lock structs and locks in total 11 rows. This is similar to what we have seen in the deadlock.

DELETE EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM location WHERE expires < '2012-08-10 04:49:30' AND expires != '1969-12-31 19:00:00' ; +----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+-------+-------------+ | id | select_type | table | type | possible_keys | key | key_len | ref | rows | Extra | +----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+-------+-------------+ | 1 | SIMPLE | location | ALL | NULL | NULL | NULL | NULL | 10754 | Using where | +----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+-------+-------------+

Uiii! The DELETE does not use an index at all but does a full table scan. Which is not so optimal performance wise...

START TRANSACTION; SELECT * FROM location WHERE expires < '2012-08-10 04:49:30' AND expires != '1969-12-31 19:00:00' FOR UPDATE ; ---TRANSACTION 14034 168 lock struct(s), heap size 31160, 11007 row lock(s) MySQL thread id 6, OS thread handle 0x7f3647b9e700, query id 663 localhost root cleaning up

And we can see a huge amount of locked rows... The table contains 10840 rows in total. Those numbers differ a bit from the deadlock but it is OK because they do not represent the same point in time.

So we started looking at the table structure. The table which was provided by the customer looks as follows:

CREATE TABLE `location` ( `username` varchar(64) NOT NULL DEFAULT '', `domain` varchar(128) NOT NULL DEFAULT '', `contact` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '', `received` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL, `path` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL, `expires` datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT '2020-01-01 00:00:00', `q` float(10,2) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1.00', `callid` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT 'Default-Call-ID', `cseq` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '42', `last_modified` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP, `replicate` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', `state` tinyint(1) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', `flags` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', `cflags` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', `user_agent` varchar(100) NOT NULL DEFAULT '', `socket` varchar(128) DEFAULT NULL, `methods` int(11) DEFAULT NULL, `id` int(10) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', KEY `username` (`username`,`domain`,`contact`) ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 ;

First I want to fix the problem of the full table scan:

ALTER TABLE location ADD INDEX (expires);

Then the DELETE looks much better:

+----+-------------+----------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+------+------+-----------------------+ | id | select_type | table | type | possible_keys | key | key_len | ref | rows | Extra | +----+-------------+----------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+------+------+-----------------------+ | 1 | SIMPLE | location | range | expires | expires | 5 | NULL | 2 | Using index condition | +----+-------------+----------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+------+------+-----------------------+ ---TRANSACTION 14074 2 lock struct(s), heap size 1248, 1 row lock(s) MySQL thread id 6, OS thread handle 0x7f3647b9e700, query id 671 localhost root cleaning up

But I do not know how realistic my actual data are. This can change with an other data-set!

Now I want to see if there is any difference with the KEY declared as a Primary Key:

ALTER TABLE location DROP INDEX username, ADD PRIMARY KEY (username, domain, contact);

Long indexes are bad for InnoDB. See blog post which will hopefully appear soon!

+----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+---------+---------+-------+------+-------------+ | id | select_type | table | type | possible_keys | key | key_len | ref | rows | Extra | +----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+---------+---------+-------+------+-------------+ | 1 | SIMPLE | location | ref | PRIMARY | PRIMARY | 66 | const | 9 | Using where | +----+-------------+----------+------+---------------+---------+---------+-------+------+-------------+ ---TRANSACTION 14145 3 lock struct(s), heap size 1248, 10 row lock(s) MySQL thread id 6, OS thread handle 0x7f3647b9e700, query id 684 localhost root cleaning up

Execution plan looks the same. OK. 1 row less is locked. This means 10% less probability of deadlocks?

The effect was not as big as expected. So rolling back last change (making at least a unique key out of it).

As already mentioned, short Primary Keys are good for InnoDB. And as we will show in a blog post soon VARCHAR are bad performance wise. So we try to use the non used? field id:

ALTER TABLE location DROP PRIMARY KEY, ADD UNIQUE KEY (username, domain, contact); ALTER TABLE location MODIFY COLUMN id INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY; EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM location WHERE id = 2984 ; +----+-------------+----------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+-------+------+-------+ | id | select_type | table | type | possible_keys | key | key_len | ref | rows | Extra | +----+-------------+----------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+-------+------+-------+ | 1 | SIMPLE | location | const | PRIMARY | PRIMARY | 4 | const | 1 | NULL | +----+-------------+----------+-------+---------------+---------+---------+-------+------+-------+ START TRANSACTION; SELECT * FROM location WHERE id = 2984 FOR UPDATE ; ---TRANSACTION 14336 2 lock struct(s), heap size 376, 1 row lock(s) MySQL thread id 6, OS thread handle 0x7f3647b9e700, query id 701 localhost root cleaning up

And see there: The Query Execution Plan looks much better and locks are much smaller.

As a result

I hope we can add here the results on the impact of deadlock occurrence soon.

Change MyISAM tables to InnoDB and handle SELECT COUNT(*) situation

Shinguz - Tue, 2012-06-12 20:48
Taxonomy upgrade extras: innodbmaterialized viewsmaterialised viewsmyisamselectshadow tablecount

Its a known problem that changing the Storage Engine from MyISAM to InnoDB can cause some problems [ 1 ] if you have queries of this type:

SELECT COUNT(*) from table;

Luckily this query happens rarely and if, the query can be easily omitted or worked around by guesstimating the amount of rows in the table. For example with:

SHOW TABLE STATUS LIKE 'test';

But in some rare cases customer really needs these values for some reasons. To not exhaust the resources of the server with this query which can be fired quite often in some cases we make use of the materialized views/shadow table technique [ 2 ].

The following example illustrates how to do this.

Our original situation

We have an offer table which is feed by a host system:

CREATE TABLE offer ( id int unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT , `type` CHAR(3) NOT NULL DEFAULT 'AAA' , data varchar(64) DEFAULT NULL , PRIMARY KEY (`id`) , INDEX (type) ) ENGINE=InnoDB; INSERT INTO offer VALUES (NULL, 'AAA', 'Blablabla'); INSERT INTO offer VALUES (NULL, 'ABC', 'Blablabla'); INSERT INTO offer VALUES (NULL, 'ZZZ', 'Blablabla');

The query we want to perform looks like this:

SELECT COUNT(*) FROM offer;

This query becomes expensive when you have zillions of rows in your table.v

The work around

To work around the problem we create a counter table where we count the rows which are inserted, updated or deleted on the offer table.

CREATE TABLE counter ( `type` char(3) NOT NULL DEFAULT 'AAA' , `count` MEDIUMINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL DEFAULT 0 , `ts` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP , PRIMARY KEY (type) ) ENGINE=InnoDB;

To fill this counter table we need an initial snapshot:

INSERT INTO counter SELECT type, COUNT(*), NULL FROM offer GROUP BY type; SELECT * FROM counter; SELECT COUNT(*) FROM counter; Update the counter table

To keep the counter table up-to-date we need the following 3 triggers:

DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS insert_offer_trigger; delimiter // CREATE TRIGGER insert_offer_trigger AFTER INSERT ON offer FOR EACH ROW BEGIN INSERT INTO counter VALUES (NEW.type, 1, NULL) ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE count = count + 1, ts = CURRENT_TIMESTAMP(); END; // delimiter ; DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS update_offer_trigger; delimiter // CREATE TRIGGER update_offer_trigger AFTER UPDATE ON offer FOR EACH ROW BEGIN IF NEW.type = OLD.type THEN UPDATE counter SET ts = CURRENT_TIMESTAMP() WHERE type = NEW.type; ELSE UPDATE counter SET count = count - 1, ts = CURRENT_TIMESTAMP() WHERE type = OLD.type; INSERT INTO counter VALUES (NEW.type, 1, NULL) ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE count = count + 1, ts = CURRENT_TIMESTAMP(); END IF; END; // delimiter ; DROP TRIGGER IF EXISTS delete_offer_trigger; delimiter // CREATE TRIGGER delete_offer_trigger AFTER DELETE ON offer FOR EACH ROW BEGIN UPDATE counter SET count = count - 1 WHERE type = OLD.type; END; // delimiter ;

Now we can test some cases and compare the results of both tables:

INSERT INTO offer VALUES (NULL, 'AAA', 'Blablabla'); INSERT INTO offer VALUES (NULL, 'AAA', 'Blablabla'); -- Single offer change UPDATE offer SET data = 'Single offer change' WHERE id = 2; -- Multi offer change UPDATE offer SET data = 'Multi offer change' WHERE type = 'AAA'; -- Single offer delete DELETE FROM offer WHERE id = 1; -- REPLACE (= DELETE / INSERT) REPLACE INTO offer VALUES (3, 'ZZZ', 'Single row replace'); -- New type INSERT INTO offer VALUES (NULL, 'DDD', 'Blablabla'); -- Change of type UPDATE offer SET type = 'ZZZ' where id = 2; -- Change of type to new type UPDATE offer SET type = 'YYY' where id = 3; -- INSERT on DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE INSERT INTO offer VALUES (7, 'DDD', 'ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE') ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE type = 'DDD', data = 'INSERT ON DUPLICATE KEY'; INSERT INTO offer VALUES (7, 'DDD', 'ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE') ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE type = 'DDD', data = 'UPDATE ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE'; SELECT * FROM offer; SELECT COUNT(*) FROM offer; SELECT * FROM counter; SELECT SUM(count) FROM counter;

This solution has the advantage that we get also a very fast response on the number of rows for a specific order type. Which would be also expensive for MyISAM tables...

MySQL @ FrOSCon 7 in St. Augustin (Germany)

Shinguz - Fri, 2012-06-01 16:21
Taxonomy upgrade extras: mysqltalkconferencefroscon

Also this year we will have a special track for MySQL, Galera, Percona und MariaDB at the FrOSCon in St. Augustin in Germany. The conference is scheduled for August 25 and 26 2012.

Together with the PostgreSQL people we are organizing a sub-conference for Open Source RDBMS there. Now we are looking for interesting talks about MySQL and related techniques like Galera, Percona, MariaDB. The only restriction for the talks is: They must be about an Open Source topic.

We encourage you to send your proposals.

After registering you can Submit a new event. Choose the Databases track. It makes easier to assign the proposal.

Regarding the talks: Please do NOT add talks about NON Open Source solutions. It can be about some new technical things or about some user experience with MySQL technology.

Keep in mind the audience is going to be technical driven. Think about the audience as colleges and not as decision makers.

Please help spreading the word for the Conference by blogging and twittering about it (#froscon)!

And now let us go...

Oli

How to make the MySQL Performance Monitor work on Windows?

Shinguz - Fri, 2012-04-20 18:22
Taxonomy upgrade extras: performanceperformance monitoringperformance monitormpmmaaswindows

A customer recently was asking why our MySQL Performance Monitor (MPM) is not working on Windows...? The answer is short: It was developed on Linux and never tested on Windows...

But I was wondering how much effort it would take to make it work on Windows as well.

I was quite surprised how fast it was to make the basic functionality working on Windows. It took me less than one hour to install, configure and patch MPM.

Patch MPM

The file FromDualMySQLagent.pm has to be patched at 2 locations. The lock file name must be something understandable by Windows (for example C:\Temp\FromDualMySQLagent.lock. We will fix that in the next MPM release.

40 # Should NOT be hard coded, tofix later!!! 41 # Does not work on Windows! 42 my $lAgentLockFile = '/tmp/FromDualMySQLagent.lock'; 43 # Check if lock file already exists and complain if yes ... 533 # Does not work on Windows! 534 my $lAgentLockFile = '/tmp/FromDualMySQLagent.lock'; 535 if ( ! unlink($lAgentLockFile) ) {

There are at least 2 other parts in the code which make troubles. But they can be circumvented by disabling the modules (server and process) respectively configuring MPM accordingly.

A basic MPM configuration file on Windows

We have used the following basic configuration file:

[default] LogFile = C:\Users\oli\logs\mpm.log Debug = 2 CacheFileBase = C:\Users\oli\cache MaaS = on Hash = <your hash> Methtode = http Url = http://support.fromdual.com/maas/receiver.php [FromDual.Win_laptop] Modules = mpm [FromDual.Win_laptop.win_db]

In your case there is possibly some more configuration needed. For details please look here.

Now we are quite confident that the next MPM release will work more or less with Windows out of the box. If you cannot wait try it out with this hack. More details about installing the MPM on Windows you can find here. If you run into problems please report them in the MPM installation on Windows forum. All paying customers can naturally use our support platform.

MySQL and Galera Load Balancer (GLB)

Shinguz - Sat, 2012-04-07 10:10

When you install a Galera Cluster for MySQL for High Availability (HA) it is not enough to install the Database Cluster to achieve this goal. You also have to make the application aware of this HA functionality. This is typically done with some kind of load balancing mechanism between the database and the application.

We have several possibilities how to make such a load balancing possible:

  • We build such a load balancing mechanism directly into the application.
  • When we use Java or PHP we can use the fail-over functionality of the connectors (Connector/J, mysqlnd-ms).
  • If we cannot touch the application we can put a load balancing mechanism between the application and the database. This can be done with:
Building the Galera Load Balancer

As an example we look at the Galera Load Balancer (GLB). The documentation about it you can find in the README file.

It can be built as follows:

wget http://www.codership.com/files/glb/glb-0.7.4.tar.gz tar xf glb-0.7.4.tar.gz cd glb-0.7.4 ./configure make make install
Starting the Galera Load Balancer

The Galera Load Balancer will be started as follows:

./glbd --daemon --threads 6 --control 127.0.0.1:4444 127.0.0.1:3306 \ 192.168.56.101:3306:1 192.168.56.102:3306:1 192.168.56.103:3306:1 Incoming address: 127.0.0.1:3306 , control FIFO: /tmp/glbd.fifo Control address: 127.0.0.1:4444 Number of threads: 6, source tracking: OFF, verbose: OFF, daemon: YES Destinations: 3 0: 192.168.56.101:3306 , w: 1.000 1: 192.168.56.102:3306 , w: 1.000 2: 192.168.56.103:3306 , w: 1.000
Querying the Galera Load Balancer

It can be queried as follows:

echo getinfo | nc -q 1 127.0.0.1 4444 Router: ---------------------------------------------------- Address : weight usage conns 192.168.56.101:3306 : 1.000 0.667 2 192.168.56.102:3306 : 1.000 0.500 1 192.168.56.103:3306 : 1.000 0.500 1 ---------------------------------------------------- Destinations: 3, total connections: 4

and

echo getstats | nc -q 1 127.0.0.1 4444 in: 37349 out: 52598 recv: 89947 / 1989 send: 89947 / 1768 conns: 225 / 4 poll: 1989 / 0 / 1989 elapsed: 76.59987
Draining nodes with Galera Load Balancer

Let's assume, we want to take out node 192.168.56.101 from the Load Balancer for maintenance purposes, this can be done as follows:

echo 192.168.56.101:3306:0 | nc -q 1 127.0.0.1 4444 echo getinfo | nc -q 1 127.0.0.1 4444 Router: ---------------------------------------------------- Address : weight usage conns 192.168.56.101:3306 : 0.000 1.000 0 192.168.56.102:3306 : 1.000 0.667 2 192.168.56.103:3306 : 1.000 0.667 2 ---------------------------------------------------- Destinations: 3, total connections: 4
Removing and adding nodes from Galera Load Balancer

If you want to shrink or grow your database cluster, removing and adding nodes works as follows:

echo 192.168.56.103:3306:-1 | nc -q 1 127.0.0.1 4444 echo 192.168.56.103:3306:2 | nc -q 1 127.0.0.1 4444

And now have fun playing around with your Galera Load Balancer...

FromDual Performance Monitor for MySQL (MPM) v0.9 released

Shinguz - Tue, 2012-04-03 14:03
Taxonomy upgrade extras: performanceenterprise monitormonitoringperformance monitoringnewsperformance monitorreleasegraphgalerampmmaas

On April 2nd 2012 FromDual released the new version v0.9 of its Performance Monitor for MySQL (mpm). The new version can be downloaded from here.

The Performance Monitor for MySQL (mpm) is an agent which is hooked into Zabbix. Zabbix is an integrated Enterprise Monitoring solution which can produce performance graphs and alerting.

The changes in the new release are:

New functionality
  • A new server module gathers MySQL database specific server informations. This is especially interesting for the Monitoring as a Service customers.
  • You can monitor Galera Cluster for MySQL now. All important items of Galera Cluster for MySQL up to version 2.0 are gathered. The important Triggers and Graphs are available. FromDual Performance Monitor for MySQL becomes your indispensable tool for monitoring Galera Cluster!
  • Trigger was added on low open_files_limit
Changed functionality
  • Item history was reduced from 90 to 30 days to safe space on disk.
  • InnoDB items were added and Graphs improved and cleaned-up.
  • MyISAM items were added and Graphs improved.
  • Query Cache items were added.
  • Some triggers were too verbose or complained when they should not. Should be fixed now.
  • MPM v0.9 was tested with Zabbix 1.8.11 and works without any problems.
Fixes
  • Some items were not reported correctly. Fixed them.
  • Many little bugs in different modules were fixed.

For more detailed informations see the CHANGELOG.

Installation and upgrade documentation can be found here.

If you want to stay tuned about the progess of the next release of mpm follow us on Twitter...

If you find any bug please report them to our bugs database. If you have some questions or if you want to exchange know-how related to the mpm please go to our Forum.

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